AskDefine | Define yellow

The Collaborative Dictionary

Yellow \Yel"low\ (y[e^]l"l[-o]), a. [Compar. Yellower (y[e^]l"l[-o]*[~e]r); superl. Yellowest.] [OE. yelow, yelwe, [yogh]elow, [yogh]eoluw, from AS. geolu; akin to D. geel, OS. & OHG. gelo, G. gelb, Icel. gulr, Sw. gul, Dan. guul, L. helvus light bay, Gr. chlo`n young verdure, chlwro`s greenish yellow, Skr. hari tawny, yellowish. [root]49. Cf. Chlorine, Gall a bitter liquid, Gold, Yolk.]
Being of a bright saffronlike color; of the color of gold or brass; having the hue of that part of the rainbow, or of the solar spectrum, which is between the orange and the green. [1913 Webster] Her yellow hair was browded [braided] in a tress. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] A sweaty reaper from his tillage brought First fruits, the green ear and the yellow sheaf. --Milton. [1913 Webster] The line of yellow light dies fast away. --Keble. [1913 Webster]
Cowardly; hence, dishonorable; mean; contemptible; as, he has a yellow streak. [Slang] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
Sensational; -- said of some newspapers, their makers, etc.; as, yellow journal, journalism, etc. [Colloq.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.] Yellow atrophy (Med.), a fatal affection of the liver, in which it undergoes fatty degeneration, and becomes rapidly smaller and of a deep yellow tinge. The marked symptoms are black vomit, delirium, convulsions, coma, and jaundice. Yellow bark, calisaya bark. Yellow bass (Zool.), a North American fresh-water bass (Morone interrupta) native of the lower parts of the Mississippi and its tributaries. It is yellow, with several more or less broken black stripes or bars. Called also barfish. Yellow berry. (Bot.) Same as Persian berry, under Persian. Yellow boy, a gold coin, as a guinea. [Slang] --Arbuthnot. Yellow brier. (Bot.) See under Brier. Yellow bugle (Bot.), a European labiate plant (Ajuga Chamaepitys). Yellow bunting (Zool.), the European yellow-hammer. Yellow cat (Zool.), a yellow catfish; especially, the bashaw. Yellow copperas (Min.), a hydrous sulphate of iron; -- called also copiapite. Yellow copper ore, a sulphide of copper and iron; copper pyrites. See Chalcopyrite. Yellow cress (Bot.), a yellow-flowered, cruciferous plant (Barbarea praecox), sometimes grown as a salad plant. Yellow dock. (Bot.) See the Note under Dock. Yellow earth, a yellowish clay, colored by iron, sometimes used as a yellow pigment. Yellow fever (Med.), a malignant, contagious, febrile disease of warm climates, attended with jaundice, producing a yellow color of the skin, and with the black vomit. See Black vomit, in the Vocabulary. Yellow flag, the quarantine flag. See under Quarantine, and 3d Flag. Yellow jack. (a) The yellow fever. See under 2d Jack. (b) The quarantine flag. See under Quarantine. Yellow jacket (Zool.), any one of several species of American social wasps of the genus Vespa, in which the color of the body is partly bright yellow. These wasps are noted for their irritability, and for their painful stings. Yellow lead ore (Min.), wulfenite. Yellow lemur (Zool.), the kinkajou. Yellow macauco (Zool.), the kinkajou. Yellow mackerel (Zool.), the jurel. Yellow metal. Same as Muntz metal, under Metal. Yellow ocher (Min.), an impure, earthy variety of brown iron ore, which is used as a pigment. Yellow oxeye (Bot.), a yellow-flowered plant (Chrysanthemum segetum) closely related to the oxeye daisy. Yellow perch (Zool.), the common American perch. See Perch. Yellow pike (Zool.), the wall-eye. Yellow pine (Bot.), any of several kinds of pine; also, their yellowish and generally durable timber. Among the most common are valuable species are Pinus mitis and Pinus palustris of the Eastern and Southern States, and Pinus ponderosa and Pinus Arizonica of the Rocky Mountains and Pacific States. Yellow plover (Zool.), the golden plover. Yellow precipitate (Med. Chem.), an oxide of mercury which is thrown down as an amorphous yellow powder on adding corrosive sublimate to limewater. Yellow puccoon. (Bot.) Same as Orangeroot. Yellow rail (Zool.), a small American rail (Porzana Noveboracensis) in which the lower parts are dull yellow, darkest on the breast. The back is streaked with brownish yellow and with black, and spotted with white. Called also yellow crake. Yellow rattle, Yellow rocket. (Bot.) See under Rattle, and Rocket. Yellow Sally (Zool.), a greenish or yellowish European stone fly of the genus Chloroperla; -- so called by anglers. Yellow sculpin (Zool.), the dragonet. Yellow snake (Zool.), a West Indian boa (Chilobothrus inornatus) common in Jamaica. It becomes from eight to ten long. The body is yellowish or yellowish green, mixed with black, and anteriorly with black lines. Yellow spot. (a) (Anat.) A small yellowish spot with a central pit, the fovea centralis, in the center of the retina where vision is most accurate. See Eye. (b) (Zool.) A small American butterfly (Polites Peckius) of the Skipper family. Its wings are brownish, with a large, irregular, bright yellow spot on each of the hind wings, most conspicuous beneath. Called also Peck's skipper. See Illust. under Skipper, n.,
Yellow tit (Zool.), any one of several species of crested titmice of the genus Machlolophus, native of India. The predominating colors of the plumage are yellow and green. Yellow viper (Zool.), the fer-de-lance. Yellow warbler (Zool.), any one of several species of American warblers of the genus Dendroica in which the predominant color is yellow, especially Dendroica aestiva, which is a very abundant and familiar species; -- called also garden warbler, golden warbler, summer yellowbird, summer warbler, and yellow-poll warbler. Yellow wash (Pharm.), yellow oxide of mercury suspended in water, -- a mixture prepared by adding corrosive sublimate to limewater. Yellow wren (Zool.) (a) The European willow warbler. (b) The European wood warbler. [1913 Webster]
Yellow \Yel"low\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Yellowed; p. pr. & vb. n. Yellowing.] To make yellow; to cause to have a yellow tinge or color; to dye yellow. [1913 Webster]
Yellow \Yel"low\, v. i. To become yellow or yellower. [1913 Webster]
Yellow \Yel"low\, n.
A bright golden color, reflecting more light than any other except white; the color of that part of the spectrum which is between the orange and green. "A long motley coat guarded with yellow." --Shak. [1913 Webster]
A yellow pigment. [1913 Webster] Cadmium yellow, Chrome yellow, Indigo yellow, King's yellow, etc. See under Cadmium, Chrome, etc. Naples yellow, a yellow amorphous pigment, used in oil, porcelain, and enamel painting, consisting of a basic lead metantimonate, obtained by fusing together tartar emetic lead nitrate, and common salt. Patent yellow (Old Chem.), a yellow pigment consisting essentially of a lead oxychloride; -- called also Turner's yellow. [1913 Webster]

Word Net

yellow adj
1 similar to the color of an egg yolk [syn: yellowish, xanthous]
3 changed to a yellowish color by age; "yellowed parchment" [syn: yellowed]
4 typical of tabloids; "sensational journalistic reportage of the scandal"; "yellow journalism" [syn: scandalmongering, sensationalistic, yellow(a)]
5 cowardly or treacherous; "the little yellow stain of treason"-M.W.Straight; "too yellow to stand and fight"
6 affected by jaundice which causes yellowing of skin etc [syn: jaundiced, icteric] n : the quality or state of the chromatic color resembling the hue of sunflowers or ripe lemons [syn: yellowness] v : turn yellow; "The pages of the book began to yellow"

Moby Thesaurus

Amytal, Amytal pill, Barnumesque, Cassel yellow, Claude tint, Demerol, Dolophine, H, Luminal, Luminal pill, M, Mickey Finn, Nembutal, Nembutal pill, Paris yellow, Seconal, Seconal pill, Tuinal, Tuinal pill, acid yellow, afraid, albumen, alcohol, amber, amobarbital sodium, analgesic, anodyne, arsenic yellow, aureate, aureateness, aureolin, auric, aurify, barb, barbiturate, barbiturate pill, begild, beige, black stuff, blue, blue angel, blue devil, blue heaven, blue velvet, buff, buff-yellow, butter, cadmium yellow, calmative, canary, canary-yellow, caviar, chamois, champagne, chartreuse yellow, chicken, chickenhearted, chloral hydrate, chrome, chrome lemon, chrome yellow, chrysophenin, citron, citron-yellow, cloak-and-dagger, codeine, codeine cough syrup, coward, cowardly, cowed, crash, craven, cream, creamy, crocus, dandelion, daunted, depressant, depressor, dismayed, distrustful, dolly, downer, ecru, egg, egg white, eggshell, engild, envious, fainthearted, fallow, fallowness, fearful, fish eggs, flax, flaxen, funking, funky, gamboge, gild, gilded, gilt, glair, gold, gold-colored, golden, golden pheasant, goofball, green, green with jealousy, green-eyed, grege, gutless, hard stuff, henhearted, heroin, honey, honey yellow, hop, horn-mad, horse, hypnotic, intimidated, invidious, jaundice, jaundice-eyed, jaundiced, jealous, jonquil, junk, knockout drops, laudanum, lemon, lemon chrome, lemon-yellow, lily-livered, liquor, lotus, lurid, luteolous, lutescent, madder yellow, maize, massicot, melodramatic, meperidine, metanil yellow, methadone, methyl yellow, milk-livered, milksoppish, milksoppy, morphia, morphine, mousy, naphthol yellow, narcotic, ocherish, ocherous, ochery, ochreous, ochroid, ochrous, ochry, oil yellow, old gold, old ivory, olivesheen, opiate, opium, or, orpiment, overtimid, overtimorous, ovule, pacifier, pain killer, panic-prone, panicky, paregoric, peach, pebble, pen yan, phenobarbital, phenobarbital sodium, phosphine, pigeonhearted, primrose, primrose-colored, primrose-yellow, primuline yellow, purple heart, purree, pusillanimous, pyrethrum yellow, quietener, quince yellow, rabbity, rainbow, red, roe, saffron, saffron-colored, saffron-yellow, sallow, sand, sand-colored, sandy, scag, secobarbital sodium, sedative, sensational, shit, shocker, sissified, sissy, sleep-inducer, sleeper, sleeping draught, sleeping pill, smack, snapdragon, sodium thiopental, soft, somnifacient, soother, soothing syrup, soporific, spawn, spine-chilling, spunkless, stil-de-grain yellow, straw, straw-colored, sulfur, sunflower yellow, suspicious, tar, tartrazine, timid, timorous, tranquilizer, turn yellow, turps, unmanly, unmanned, vitellus, weak, weak-kneed, weakhearted, white, white stuff, white-livered, xanthene, xanthic, xanthin, xanthous, yellow jacket, yellow madder, yellow ocher, yellow-eyed, yellowish, yellowishness, yellowness, yolk

English

Pronunciation

  • (UK) /ˈjɛləʊ/, /"jel@U/
  • US: , /ˈjɛloʊ/

Etymology

Old English ġeolu

Adjective

  1. Having yellow as its colour.
    • There's a one-eyed yellow idol
    • To the north of Kathmandu;
    • There's a little marble cross below the town;
    • And a brokenhearted woman
    • Tends the grave of 'Mad' Carew,
    • While the yellow god for ever gazes down. J Milton Heyes: The green eye of the little yellow god http://ingeb.org/songs/theresae.html
  2. Lacking courage.
    • In symbolism the colour yellow indicates jealousy, inconsistency, adultery, perfidy and cowardice. In France the doors of traitors used to be dubbed with yellow, and in some countries, the laws ordained that Jews must be clothed in yellow, because they betrayed Jesus, so that in medieval pictures, Judas Iscariot is arrayed in yellow. In Spain at an auto de fé, the victims wore yellow to denote heresy. Brewers Dictionary of phrase & Fable, 17th edition edited John Ayto.

Synonyms

Translations

having yellow as its colour
lacking courage

Noun

  1. colorbox yellow The colour/color of gold or butter; the colour obtained by mixing green and red light, or by subtracting blue from white light.
  2. In the context of "snooker": One of the colour balls used in snooker with a value of 2 points.

Translations

colour

Verb

  1. To become yellow or more yellow.
  2. To cause to become yellow or more yellow.

Translations

to become yellow or more yellow
  • Arabic:
  • Dutch: vergelen
  • Italian: ingiallirsi
  • Polish: żółknąć
  • Russian: желтеть , пожелтеть
to cause to become yellow or more yellow
  • Arabic:
  • Dutch: vergelen
  • Italian: ingiallire
Yellow is the color evoked by light that stimulates both the L and M (long- and medium-wavelength) cone cells of the retina about equally, but does not significantly stimulate the S (short-wavelength) cone cells; that is, light with much red and green but not very much blue. Light with a wavelength of 570–580 nm is yellow, as is light with a suitable mixture of somewhat longer and shorter wavelengths. Yellow's traditional RYB complementary color is purple, violet or indigo. Yellow's colorimetrically defined complementary color in both RGB and CMYK color spaces is blue.

Electric yellow vs. process yellow

Electric Yellow

The color box at right shows the most intense yellow representable in in 8-bit RGB color model; yellow is a secondary color in an additive RGB space.
The measured light spectrum from yellow pixels on a typical computer display is complex, and very unlike the reflectance spectrum of a yellow object such as a banana.

Process yellow

Process yellow (also known as pigment yellow, printer's yellow or canary yellow) is one of the three colors typically used as subtractive primary colors, along with magenta and cyan. The CMYK system for color printing is based on using four inks, one of which is a yellow color. This is in itself a standard color, and a fairly narrow range of yellow inks or pigments are used. Process yellow is based on a colorant that reflects the preponderance of red and green light, and absorbs most blue light, as in the reflectance spectra shown in the figure on the lower right.
Because of the characteristics of paint pigments and use of different color wheels, painters traditionally regard the complement of yellow as the color indigo or blue-violet.
Process yellow is not an RGB color, and there is no fixed conversion from CMYK primaries to RGB. Different formulations are used for printer's ink, so there can be variations in the printed color that is pure yellow ink.

Etymology and definitions

The word yellow comes from the Old English geolu, or geolwe which derived from the Proto-Germanic word gelwaz. The oldest known usage of this word in English is in the Old English poem Beowulf, in a description of a shield made of wood from a yew tree. In the English language, yellow is used to describe objects having the color between green and orange in the visible light spectrum (gold, egg yolks, sunflowers, etc.). The color is associated with age and aging, both with people and objects (i.e. yellowed-paper). Ethnographically, the term yellow has also been used as a slang term for both oriental persons and light-skinned African-Americans. The term is associated at times with jealousy, as well as cowardliness. Lastly, it is associated with sensational journalistic practices, or yellow journalism, and resistance to militant trade unions. defines that "two colors are complementary when it is possible to reproduce the tristimulus values of a specified achromatic stimulus by an additive mixture of these two stimuli." That is, when two colored lights can be mixed to match a specified white (achromatic, non-colored) light, the colors of those two lights are complementary. This definition, however, does not constrain what version of white will be specified. In the nineteenth century, the scientists Grassmann and Helmholtz did experiments in which they concluded that finding a good complement for spectral yellow was difficult, but that the result was indigo, that is, a wavelength that today's color scientists would call violet. Helmholtz says "Yellow and indigo blue" are complements. Grassman reconstructs Newton's category boundaries in terms of wavelengths and says "This indigo therefore falls within the limits of color between which, according to Helmholtz, the complementary colors of yellow lie." Newton's own color circle has yellow directly opposite the boundary between indigo and violet. These results, that the complement of yellow is a wavelength shorter than 450 nm, are derivable from the modern CIE 1931 system of colorimetry if it is assumed that the yellow is about 580 nm or shorter wavelength, and the specified white is the color of a blackbody radiator of temperature 2800 K or lower (that is, the white of an ordinary incandescent light bulb). More typically, with a daylight-colored or around 5000 to 6000 K white, the complement of yellow will be in the blue wavelength range, which is the standard modern answer for the complement of yellow.

Plants and animals

Yellow in human culture

Astronomy

Calendars

  • Yellow is associated with Monday on the Thai solar calendar. Anyone may wear yellow on Mondays, and anyone born on a Monday may adopt yellow as their color.

Cultural associations

  • In the English language, yellow has traditionally been associated with jaundice and cowardice. In American slang, a coward is said to be "yellowbellied" or "yellow".
  • "Yellow" ("giallo"), in Italy, refers to crime stories, both fictional and real. This association began about in 1930 because the first series of crime novels published in Italy had a yellow cover.
  • Pencils are often painted yellow, originally because of the association of this color with the orient, where the best graphite was found.
  • Asian people are sometimes referred to as the yellow race. The use of "yellow" to refer to people of East Asian descent is usually regarded as offensive today in most contexts. In early 20th-century North America, immigrants from China and other East Asian nations were derogatorily referred to as a "yellow peril."
  • A High yellow is African-American slang for someone who is a very light-skinned African-American. This term was widely used in the early 20th century but it is seldom heard nowadays.

Games

  • Yellow is the color of the snooker ball that has a 2-point value.
  • A semi-popular game in the UK is "Yellow Car", which involves yelling "Yellow Car" and striking someone close to you on spotting a yellow car. There are multiple variations of this game depending on area or group played with, but the above is the common rule between them.

Journalism

Medicine

  • Yellow is associated with jaundice, since someone who has that disease may turn yellow.

Mining

Mysticism

  • In the metaphysics of the New Age Prophetess, Alice A. Bailey, in her system called the Seven Rays which classifies humans into seven different metaphysical personality types, the fourth ray of harmony through conflict is represented by the color yellow. People who have this metaphysical personality type are said to be on the Yellow Ray.
  • Psychics who claim to be able to observe the aura with their third eye report that someone with a yellow aura is typically someone who is in an occupation requiring intellectual acumen, such as a scientist.

Politics

Sports

Transportation

Vexillology

yellow in Afrikaans: Geel
yellow in Aragonese: Amariello
yellow in Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE): ܙܪܕܐ
yellow in Asturian: Mariellu
yellow in Guarani: Sa'yju
yellow in Aymara: Q'illu
yellow in Azerbaijani: Sarı
yellow in Min Nan: N̂g-sek
yellow in Banyumasan: Kuning
yellow in Belarusian: Жоўты колер
yellow in Bosnian: Žuta
yellow in Bulgarian: Жълт цвят
yellow in Catalan: Groc
yellow in Czech: Žlutá
yellow in Chamorro: Amariyu
yellow in Welsh: Melyn
yellow in Danish: Gul
yellow in German: Gelb
yellow in Estonian: Kollane
yellow in Modern Greek (1453-): Κίτρινο
yellow in Erzya: Ожо
yellow in Spanish: Amarillo
yellow in Esperanto: Flava
yellow in Basque: Hori
yellow in Persian: زرد
yellow in French: Jaune
yellow in Gan Chinese: 黃
yellow in Galician: Amarelo
yellow in Korean: 노랑
yellow in Hindi: पीला
yellow in Croatian: Žuta
yellow in Indonesian: Kuning
yellow in Icelandic: Gulur
yellow in Italian: Giallo (colore)
yellow in Hebrew: צהוב
yellow in Javanese: Kuning
yellow in Haitian: Jòn
yellow in Kurdish: Zer
yellow in Latin: Flavus
yellow in Luxembourgish: Giel
yellow in Lithuanian: Geltona
yellow in Lingala: Bondɔbɔ́
yellow in Hungarian: Sárga
yellow in Maltese: Isfar
yellow in Malay (macrolanguage): Kuning
nah:Cōztic
yellow in Dutch: Geel (kleur)
yellow in Japanese: 黄色
yellow in Chechen: Можа
yellow in Norwegian: Gul
yellow in Norwegian Nynorsk: Gul
yellow in Narom: Jâone
yellow in Polish: Barwa żółta
yellow in Portuguese: Amarelo
yellow in Romanian: Galben
yellow in Quechua: Q'illu
yellow in Russian: Жёлтый цвет
yellow in Scots: Yellae
yellow in Sicilian: Giarnu
yellow in Simple English: Yellow
yellow in Slovak: Žltá
yellow in Slovenian: Rumena
yellow in Serbian: Жута боја
yellow in Serbo-Croatian: Žuto
yellow in Finnish: Keltainen
yellow in Swedish: Gul
yellow in Thai: สีเหลือง
yellow in Vietnamese: Vàng (màu)
yellow in Tajik: Зард
yellow in Turkish: Sarı
yellow in Ukrainian: Жовтий колір
yellow in Vlaams: Geel (kleur)
yellow in Wolof: Mboq
yellow in Yiddish: געל
yellow in Contenese: 黃
yellow in Samogitian: Geltuona
yellow in Chinese: 黄色
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